The area where Gabala Archaeological Center is located (local population call it as Chukhur Gabala) was built in the territory of the capital city of Gabala Albania since the 4th century BC. Archaeological researches are being conducted in this area since 1926. This archaeological center is divided into three areas for its functionality and for reflecting historical periods: “Gala”, “Salbir” and “Chaggalli”.
The Chaggalli settlement (50 ha) consists of remains of city life that existed in the 4th century BC. Rich and cultural layers with a few meter thick dating to the 1-10th century in Salbir settlement (13 ha) and to the 1-7th century in Gala settlement (12 ha) of ancient Gabala were discovered.
Gabala Archaeological Center
Opening Hours: 10:00- 18:00
Chukhur Gabala village,Gabala, Azerbaijan
Ancient Area was the area of Gabala city in the 1st centuries AD, end of 2nd millennium BC. Wine storehouses consisting of more than 200 large-scale pitchers, elliptic remains of constructions, clay water, household items and wall ruins of air-brick were found to be here.
Salbir settlement is located in the 1-10th centuries of the ancient Gabala city. The remains of old city, defence walls, farm walls, antique catacombs, pool, water supply line, ovens, Christian graves, cake beads belonging to the 2nd century AD were discovered.
One of the most important monuments of the Gabala Archaeological Center is Ancient Fortress Walls. Located in Salbir archaeological area, these walls were built to defend Gala area from the north by trench, from the south by fortress wall. Fortress walls of Gabala are different from other medieval fortifications for their structure and appearance.
Fortress walls were built of air-bricks and planed cobblestone. 15 different types of different bricks were used in the construction of fortress. The people involved in the construction of fortress were able to create a rare architecture by skilfully utilizing the measure and arrangement of burnt brick. The constellations in the right and left corners of fortress have come today and admire those who see it with its dignity